History, Space, and Ethnicity: The Chinese Worldview is a relatively short article on how the pre-contact Chinese viewed their place in the world. From the introduction:
(1) What was the Chinese perception of the world, or world history, before China came into close contact with the rest of the world in the nineteenth century? And (2) how did this perception affect the work of historians from the Han dynasty (206 B.C.-A.D. 220) onward?
I am just about to finish a book on Islamic history, bookmarking this for future reference.