A pessimistic view of microcredit. The net of it is: debt is still debt. This line is the kicker:
“It assures us that we – the rich world – can [fight] poverty in the global South without any cost to us, and without any threat to existing arrangements of political and economic power.”
A Stanford economist’s insights into freelancing. What’s unique about this piece is he actually went to work as an Uber driver to really get into the ‘gig economy.’
From MIT Technology Review: algorithms are making American inequality worse. My takeaway from this piece is not that it is the algorithms themselves but the thought processes behind them. Algorithms simply optimize the achievement of the goals you set out for. Based on unfair and unjust starting premises, algorithms just make the injustice more efficient.
Oxfam’s annual report for 2018 shows a dismally widening inequality gap.
Last year saw the biggest increase in billionaires in history, one more every two days. Billionaires saw their wealth increase by $762bn in 12 months. This huge increase could have ended global extreme poverty seven times over. 82% of all wealth created in the last year went to the top 1%, while the bottom 50% saw no increase at all.
Giving words to what we already know, Filipino Nursing Graduates and the Risk of the Migration Trap discusses the Sisyphean struggle that aspiring Filipino nurses undergo in their search for a better life outside the country. The key argument are the two traps that they fall into:
The first is the migration trap…: aspiring migrants obtain specific credentials in the hope of working overseas, yet are unable to leave when labor demands or immigration requirements change…. Lacking public funds, Philippine hospitals could not offer permanent positions to the staggering number of nursing graduates within the country, leaving many unemployed and unable to obtain the work experience needed for jobs in alternative destinations like Japan and Singapore. Filipino nursing graduates caught in this situation then find themselves in an opportunity trap…: the never-ending need to collect credentials in order to secure a positional advantage in the job market.
Moreover, the author argues that rather than brain drain, it is a problem of brain waste as “…qualified nursing graduates find themselves in industries and jobs that have little need for their skills.”